Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2022
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Principles of Consolidation
The Company evaluates the need to consolidate affiliates based on standards set forth in Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 810, “Consolidation,” (“ASC 810”). The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries, Pasithea Therapeutics Limited (U.K.) and Pasithea Clinics Corp. (“Pasithea Clinics”). All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
These condensed consolidated financial statements are presented in U.S. Dollars.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires the Company’s management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statement and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.
Making estimates requires management to exercise significant judgment. It is at least reasonably possible that the estimate of the effect of a condition, situation or set of circumstances that existed at the date of the financial statements, which management considered in formulating its estimate, could change in the near term due to one or more future confirming events. One of the more significant accounting estimates included in these condensed consolidated financial statements is the determination of fair value of the warrant liabilities. Accordingly, the actual results could differ significantly from those estimates.
Cash and cash equivalents
The Company considers all short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents. The Company had no cash equivalents as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment is recorded at cost. Depreciation is computed using straight-line and accelerated methods over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Expenditures that enhance the useful lives of the assets are capitalized and depreciated. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred. When properties are retired or otherwise disposed of, related costs and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the accounts. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had capitalized total property and equipment costs of $134,955 and $21,503, respectively, with accumulated depreciation of $6,336 and $1,379, respectively. Depreciation expense was $5,014 and $0 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
Offering costs consist of professional fees, filing, regulatory and other costs incurred through the balance sheet date that are directly related to the Initial Public Offering. In September 2021, the Company recognized offering costs of $3,445,200, consisting of $2,137,800 of underwriting fees and expenses and $1,307,400 of costs related to the Initial Public Offering. Offering costs are allocated to the separable financial instruments issued in the Initial Public Offering based on the relative fair value basis compared to total proceeds received.
The Company accounts for its Public and Representative Warrants (each, the “Public Warrants” and “Representative Warrants” and, collectively, the “Warrants”) in accordance with the guidance contained in ASC 815, “Derivatives and Hedging,” under which the Warrants do not meet the criteria for equity treatment and must be recorded as derivative liabilities. Accordingly, the Company classifies the Warrants as liabilities at their fair value and adjusts the Warrants to fair value at each reporting period. This liability is subject to re-measurement at each balance sheet date until the Warrants are exercised or expire, and any change in fair value is recognized in the Company’s condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss. The fair value of the Public and Representative Warrants was initially measured at the end of each reporting period, using a Black-Scholes option pricing model. At March 31, 2022, the fair value of the Public Warrants was measured using quoted market prices, and the fair value of the Representative Warrants was based on an estimate of the relative fair value to the Public Warrants, accounting for a small difference in the exercise price.
The Company follows the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes under ASC 740, “Income Taxes.” Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases.
Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that included the enactment date. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.
ASC 740 prescribes a recognition threshold and a measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more likely than not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits as income tax expense. There were no unrecognized tax benefits and no amounts accrued for interest and penalties as of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviation from its position. The Company is subject to income tax examinations by major taxing authorities since inception.
Concentration of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk consist of a cash account in a financial institution, which, at times, may exceed the Federal Depository Insurance Coverage of $250,000. As of March 31, 2022, the Company has not experienced losses on this account and management believes the Company is not exposed to significant risks on such account.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The fair value of the Company’s assets and liabilities, which qualify as financial instruments under ASC 820, “Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures,” approximates the carrying amounts represented in the accompanying balance sheet, primarily due to their short-term nature.
Fair Value Measurements
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received for sale of an asset or paid for transfer of a liability, in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. GAAP establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). These tiers include:
The following table presents information about the Company’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation inputs the Company utilized to determine such fair value:
The fair value of the liability associated with the Public Warrants at March 31, 2022 was based on the quoted closing price on The Nasdaq Capital Market and is classified as Level 1. The fair value of the liability associated with the Representative Warrants at March 31, 2022 was based on an estimate of the relative fair value to the Public Warrants, accounting for a small difference in the exercise price, and is classified as Level 3. The change of the Public Warrant liability from Level 3 to Level 1 was the only change between levels of the fair value hierarchy from December 31, 2021 to March 31, 2022.
In some circumstances, the inputs used to measure fair value might be categorized within different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In those instances, the fair value measurement is categorized in its entirety in the fair value hierarchy based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
The Company accounts for revenue in accordance with ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.”
The Company currently derives all its revenue from its operations in the U.K., providing business support services to registered healthcare providers who assess patients, and if appropriate, administer intravenous infusions of ketamine. Under the business support services agreements, the Company, among other things, markets the treatments to the extent permitted under law, arranges and pays for the fit-out of the consulting room, provides equipment necessary for the treatments, develops, operates and maintains a booking website for the treatments, makes bookings and takes payments, and employs or engages customer service advisers to liaise with clinical staff and pay certain staff costs. The price of the treatments are fixed amounts jointly established by the Company and the healthcare providers. The Company collects 100% of the payment in advance from the patients, who personally pay for the services. The Company retains 30% of revenues from ketamine infusion treatments, less certain clinical staff costs which result from the provision of the treatments. The Company has determined that it acts as an agent under the business support services agreements, and recognizes the net revenues retained from ketamine infusion treatments in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss.
The Company also may arrange psychotherapy sessions with independent therapy professionals for patients. In such cases, the Company acts as a principal and recognizes the gross amount of revenue earned from such sessions, with the cost paid to the independent therapy professionals recognized in cost of services in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations and comprehensive loss.
The Company’s performance obligation is satisfied when the services are rendered to the customer. There were no contract assets or liabilities at March 31, 2022 or December 31, 2021. All sales have fixed pricing and there are currently no variable components included in the Company’s revenue.
Net Loss Per Share
Net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted earnings per share is computed similar to basic earnings per share, except the weighted average number of common shares outstanding are increased to include additional shares from the assumed exercise of share options, if dilutive. The following outstanding shares issuable upon exercise of stock options and warrants and vesting of restricted stock units were excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share for the periods presented because including them would have had an anti-dilutive effect:
Foreign Currency Translations
The Company’s functional and reporting currency is the U.S. dollar. All transactions initiated in other currencies are translated into U.S. dollars using the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the U.S. dollar at the rate of exchange in effect at the balance sheet date. Unrealized exchange gains and losses arising from such transactions are deferred until realization and are included as a separate component of stockholders’ equity (deficit) as a component of comprehensive income or loss. Upon realization, the amount deferred is recognized in income in the period when it is realized.
Translation of Foreign Operations
The financial results and position of foreign operations whose functional currency is different from the Company’s presentation currency are translated as follows:
Exchange differences arising on translation of foreign operations are transferred directly to the Company’s accumulated other comprehensive loss in the condensed consolidated financial statements. Transaction gains and losses arising from exchange rate fluctuation on transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
The relevant translation rates are as follows:
Comprehensive Income (Loss)
ASC 220, “Comprehensive Income,” establishes standards for reporting and display of comprehensive income (loss) and its components in a full set of general-purpose financial statements. As of March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had no material items of other comprehensive income (loss) except for the foreign currency translation adjustment.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Management does not believe that any recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting pronouncements, if currently adopted, would have a material effect on the Company’s financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef